Tomatoes I, 2012

Tomatoes I, 2012

In order to have total control over the nutrients and the irrigation, tomatoes are planted in sterile material such as rock wool and not in soil. By doing so the tomatoes are according to the growers less likely infected by diseases, a smaller amount of pesticides is needed and the yield can be increased.

Lettuce, 2011

Lettuce, 2011

Lettuce is grown in a stacking system to provide a maximum use of space. Plants grow inside of plastic trays without soil. A conveyer belt is moving the plants to ensure they get all round sunlight. The whole growing process is computer controlled. The system currently produces around 112 lettuces per square metre, on a 3m high system.

Cress, 2011

Cress, 2011

Cress, tomatoes, cucumbers, or lettuce are grown in closed systems just with LED lights. There is no sunlight and no direct exchange of air with the outside. Day and night, summer and winter stop existing. Humans are able to determine the shape, taste and colour of plants and fruits. They can be grown anywhere from the desert to inside of restaurants and supermarkets.

Tomato Vines, 2012

Tomato Vines, 2012

Apple Tree, 2011

Apple Tree, 2011

Modern apple growers use apple varieties that are grafted onto Dwarfing Rootstocks. Developed at a research station in the UK these rootstocks reduce the tree size, but not the size of the fruit or the amount of fruits harvested. The trees need less water and less space than traditional apple trees, which makes high density planting possible. The fruits are more accessible and easier to pick, because the trees are smaller.

Pear Orchard, 2011

Pear Orchard, 2011

In the early stages of growth the pear tree is split into two equally strong central leaders, which are trained up wires. This allows the tree to produce a much heavier crop, much earlier in the life of the orchard, compared to conventional planting.

Raspberry Field, 2012

Raspberry Field, 2012

Berry Field, 2013

Berry Field, 2013

Polytunnels protect berries from rain, strong winds and bright sunlight. Temperature, humidity and ventilation can be controlled by equipment fixed in the polytunnels.

Strawberry Field, 2012

Strawberry Field, 2012

A plastic film prevents weed growth and erosion. Fleece protects strawberries from frost, which allows to plant and harvest them at times usually considered off season.

Eggplants, 2012

Eggplants, 2012

A computer manages precisely the irrigation, the nutrients given to the plants and also the climate inside the green house. Automatically windows open, sunscreens move and waste, water and nutrients are collected, purified, and recycled.

Tomatoes II, 2011

Tomatoes II, 2011

In order to consume locally grown tomatoes in countries such as the UK or Germany, the tomatoes need to be produced in heated greenhouses. Locally grown tomatoes allow shorter distribution ways. To produce in more sustainable ways and to keep the cost of energy low the green house above is heated by the waste heat from a near by nuclear power station.

Strawberries, 2012

Strawberries, 2012

Strawberry crops are grown on table top raised beds. The table top system makes it easier to pick the fruits and eases the weed and pest control. A leaf and sap analysis determines the nutrient’s compound, which is fed with the irrigation water. To accelerate the growth of the plants, growers above add CO2 from a close by Shell refinery.

Milking Parlour, 2012

Milking Parlour, 2012

Two people are needed to milk twice a day 300 cows.

Milking Robot, 2012

Milking Robot, 2012

One milking robot milks three times per day 60 cows. The cows are in a stable, in which they can move around freely. They can use the robot whenever they need to. No human needs to be present.

Milking Carousel, 2011

Milking Carousel, 2011

Mushrooms, 2012

Mushrooms, 2012

To allow an all year round production of mushrooms and to increase the yield, mushrooms are grown in a microclimate inside growing rooms. A stacking system maximizes the production per square meter.

Chicken, 2011

Chicken, 2011

Since the mid 1990s the consumption of chicken has increased by 75 percent worldwide. Chicken are often reared in barns. One chicken barn has the capacity to rear 50.000 chickens.

Chicken Barn, 2011

Chicken Barn, 2011

The chickens live for a period of 42 days. After 42 days they achieve the desired weight for slaughtering. They are brought to the nearby processing plant. The chicken barn gets cleaned and disinfected, ready for the new chicks to come.

Chicken Settlement, 2011

Chicken Settlement, 2011

There are up to 16 barns in one location, which allows one settlement to rear around 800.000 chickens simultaneously. Eight people are needed per shift to cater for 800.000 chickens and to keep the facility running.

Greenhouse Roofs, 2013

Greenhouse Roofs, 2013

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Lettuce, 2012

Lettuce, 2012

The lettuce 'Little Gem" won't be accepted by supermarkets with marks exceeding two percent of the vegetable. The lettuce above got thrown away.

Tomatoes, 2012

Tomatoes, 2012

Campari tomatoes have to have a diameter of 35mm to 52mm. Superficial defects can not exceed 2mm. The tomatoes above got thrown away.

Strawberries, 2012

Strawberries, 2012

In this specific yield Elsanta Strawberries had to have a diameter of 30 mm. They are not allowed to be more misshapen than 10 percent. The strawberries above got thrown away.

Royal Gala, 2012

Royal Gala, 2012

Royal Gala Apples have to have a round shape characteristic of the variety. The surface has to show a minimum of 40 percent red striped colouration. Blemish can not exceed 5 percent of the fruit. The apples above got used for apple juice.

Pear, 2012

Pear, 2012

Conference Pears are not allowed to have superficial defects measuring more than 1 square centimeter. The pear above got used for making juice.

Eggplants, 2012

Eggplants, 2012

Western European Eggplants need to have a minimum weight of 100g. The shape has to be elongated ovoid. Eggplants above got taken home by workers.

Bramely Apples, 2012

Bramely Apples, 2012

Bramley Apples are not allowed to show skin defects exceeding 1 square centimeter. Mishapes have to be less than 10 percent. The apples above got used for making apple juice.

Pepper, 2012

Pepper, 2012

Red Bell Pepper for this yield had to have a diameter of 8cm to 10cm. They can't have what growers call a ‘nose’. The peppers above got thrown away.